Peneda Gerês National Park Flora

The vegetation cover the Gerês, Amarela, Peneda and Soajo mountains and the plateaus of Mourela and Castro Laboreiro is dominated by oak and shrub formations.

The oak forests occupy part of the valleys of the Ramiscal, Peneda, Gerês and Beredo rivers (ICNF), the main species are the Quercus pyrenaica oak and Quercus robur. In the area of the Peneda-Gerês National Park, in lower altitudes and on slopes more exposed to the sun, we highlight the oak tree, Quercus suber cork oak and Ruscus aculeatus gilbardeira.

At higher altitudes, there is the presence of forests dominated by black oak Quercus pyrenaica.

  • Oak

    The vegetation cover of the Gerês, Amarela, Peneda and Soajo mountains and the plateaus of Mourela and Castro Laboreiro is dominated by oak and shrub formations.

  • Holly (Azevinho)

    Holly (Ilex aquifolium) is a persistent leaf shrub of the family Aquifoliaceae, usually grown for ornamental purposes due to its red fruits.

  • Rainforest (Medronho)

    This arbutus is a fruit and ornamental tree reaching more than 2 meters in height. Its fruits are edible and used to make marmalades or brandy.

  • Carqueja

    Since a long time ago this is used as ``tea for everything`` even as a condiment, in the famous rice of carqueja. The benefits of carqueja tea include improving blood circulation, digestion.

  • Gerês Lyrium

    Ex-libris of the Peneda-Gerês National Park, usually blooms in June in areas of acid soils, distributed in the altitudinal range between 600 and 1300 meters, constituting low density settlements in rocky crevices.

  • Quita-Merendas

    Also known as Merendera montana, from the common Spanish name (it also removes snacks, to bloom in the beginning of autumn, when the afternoon is already shorter, soon the people of the field no longer need snacking).

  • Hypericum from Gerês

    Hypericum from Gerês (Hypericum androsaemum) is one of the few Portuguese plants with the name of a region. Not to be confused with another Hypericum (Hypericum perforatum), vivacious plant, with distinct size and appearance, widely used as a medicinal plant.

  • Carnivorous plants (Drossifera)

    The plant attracts insects that eventually get stuck in their hairs that have sticky droplets. As the insect struggles to free itself, the leaves move, very slowly, in a kind of mortal embrace.

  • Gerês mushrooms

    The Peneda-Gerês National Park is fertile in many varieties of edible mushrooms, others not very recommended ... Every year several species of edible are collected that feed true appetizers.

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